Key Aspects of Web Design
The design process of a website which includes writing markup for a client and encompasses many skills and disciplines in the production and maintenance of a website is referred to as web design. The different skills and disciplines include web graphic design, interface design, user experience design, search engine optimization and authoring which include standardized code and proprietary software. One should always have knowledge regarding web usability which is the ease of use of a website during the process of web design. It is also important for an individual who is creating mark up during web design to be updated with all the available web accessibility guidelines. Due to the many aspects of web design, some web designers may work as a team each covering a different aspect although there are some designers who are able to manage all the aspects. Web engineering which is a broader scope of web development usually overlaps with web design but the major focus of web engineering are the methodologies, techniques, and tools that form the foundation for web application development which supports their design, development, evolution, and evaluation.
There are a variety of tools used in each production process during web design and they are regularly updated by newer standards and software. The most used graphics editor for creating web formatted imagery or design prototypes are the vector and raster. Polygons are used in vector graphics to represent images in graphics which are later saved in any vector graphics format such as WMF and PDF. Dot matrix data structure representing a grid of pixels or points of color viewable on a monitor are used in raster graphics and can be saved in any bitmap or raster format such as JPEG and GIF. The W3C standards like HTML and CSS are some of the available technologies that can be used in web design. Online proprietary tools provided by web hosting companies which are intended for users to build their private site or it can be done by an offline software running on a computer creating pages and then these pages can be published on any host can be used during web design to create a website. Markup validators for checking validity and other testing tools for usability and accessibility to ensure all the guidelines for web accessibility have been met are also used in the process of web design.
The web design process requires a web designer to work closely with a web developer in creating a website. The major focus of a web designer is the visual aspects of a web page which includes the layout coloring and typography. Markup language in web design which is a system involved in annotating a document in a way that it is syntactically distinguishable from a text such as the HTML and CSS is quite important for a web designer to be conscious of.